Legionella bacteria are microorganisms that can cause serious infections in humans.
Legionnaires’ disease was first identified during the American Legion Congress in Philadelphia in 1976 after an outbreak of pneumonia that erupted among congressional participants staying at the hotel. A total of 221 people were affected by the outbreak, which killed 34 people.
This bacterium, which is common in nature, has more than 40 species. More than 20 species of Legionella bacteria can cause the development of infection in humans. However, l. pneumophila is the most common type that causes infection in the clinic.
Legionella bacteria occur spontaneously around. Artificial water systems can create environments conducive to the high number of Legionella bacteria.
The optimal temperatures for the proliferation of legions are temperatures between 25°C and 45°C. They die above 60°C and it is almost impossible for them to multiply below 20°C.
From here, the risky environments for Legionella bacteria breeding:
– hot and cold water systems and warehouses,
– baths, spa pools, swimming pools and thermal hot springs,
– Pipes that pass less water or never pass through,
– Showers, shower heads and taps,
– Garden irrigation systems,
– Central air conditioners, fire hoses,
– fountains with decorative pool,
In our laboratory, ‘Legionella Risk Assessment and Analysis’ is performed in ISO 17020 and ‘Legionella Detection’ accredited in ISO 17025.